General Medical Terms

Diabetes

Overview Symptoms and signs Treatment Overview A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood Symptoms and signs Requires a medical diagnosis. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. Treatment Treatment aims at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and exercise.

Hand Foot Mouth Disease

Overview Symptoms and signs Treatment Overview A common children’s virus causing sores in the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet. Symptoms and signs Requires a medical diagnosis. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, feeling unwell, irritability, and loss of appetite. Treatment Treatment consists of pain medications. The virus usually clears up on its own within...

Germs

Overview Symptoms and signs Treatment Overview The four major types of germs are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Symptoms and signs N/A Treatment N/A

Nephrotic Syndrome

Overview Symptoms and signs Treatment Overview A kidney disorder that causes the body to excrete too much protein in the urine. Symptoms and signs Requires a medical diagnosis. Symptoms include swelling around the eyes and in the feet and ankles, foamy urine, and weight gain due to excess fluid retention. Treatment Treatment consists of steroids and...

Hypertension

Overview Symptoms and signs Treatment Overview A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Symptoms and signs Requires a medical diagnosis. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke. Treatment Treatment consists of self...